Species: Stump Puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme)

Family: Gilled Mushrooms (AGARICACEAE)

Category: Fungi

Location: One Sighting

A. Fungi

More extensive information on fungi can be found in a separate blog post.

B. Gilled Mushrooms (AGARICACEAE)

This fungal family comprises many important decomposers which survive on dead wood, mulch, leaf litter, and logs. They can be seen growing in grassy areas of the cemetery and are generally feeding off surrounding plant roots and debris. The mushrooms in this group generally have dark/black spore prints, which may be seen when the caps are left to rest, gills down, on paper or glass overnight. Moisten the cap with water and put a glass over it to stop it drying out.

C. Stump Puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme)

This saprotrophic species is found in large clumps on decaying tree stumps and branches, and is one of the few puffballs that grow directly on wood. It releases its spores through a pore opening at the top of the fruiting body.

Additional Information

Agaricales Order Information

This group contains the familiar gilled mushrooms, some being edible, some poisonous, and species with a variety of other fruiting bodies. Most are saprotrophic, but some are parasitic and some mycorrhizal. The oldest known fossilised mushroom is a member of this group, 125 million years old.

Images

Stump Puffball

This saprotrophic species, the Stump Puffball, is found in large clumps on decaying tree stumps and branches, and is one of the few puffballs that grow directly on wood.

Stump Puffball

The Stump Puffball releases its spores through a pore opening at the top of the fruiting body.