Female portrait placeholder image

Name: Ellen Kell

Burial Number: 0981

Gender: Female

Occupation: Daughter of an Engineering and General Lithographer and Publisher

Born: 31/03/1852

Died: 02/03/1920

Buried: 06/03/1920

Story

Ellen Jane Kell was born on 31st March 1852 Islington, Middlesex to Thomas and Lucy Kell (nee Roblow).

Ellen’s father Thomas, was a Parliamentary, Engineering and general Lithographer and Publisher, with offices at 40 King Street, Covent Garden, London,(modern day photo of 40 king street) which he had operated from since the 1870s. Later he ran the business with his Son Frederick.

An advert was placed in the Daily Telegraph 29th August 1874 –
“To Lithographers – Good Map and Plan Writers and Draughtsmen WANTED – Apply to Mr Thomas Kell, 40 King Street, Convent Garden. None but efficient hands need apply.”

The business would have produced lithographed images of plans such as building and engineering plans. Some  of these plans included a proposed route of a railway from Horsham to Dorking through 25 miles of Surrey countryside in 1896 and a lithograph of a  floating Harbour and Portishead railway on the Somerset side of the River Avon.

 

 

Also, a lithograph of Worthing Pier in 1889, (Picture is of Worthing pier dated c. 1890) the plan showed the widening of the pier at the shore end and the intended  concert hall at the seaward end.

 

 

 

In 1892 Thomas retired from the business and his son Frederick Kell took over. An announcement was published in The London Gazette on 11th November 1892 – “Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership which has for some time been carried on by Thomas Kell and Frederick William Kell, under the firm of Thomas Kell and Son, at 40 King Street, Covent Garden, in the county of London, in the trade or business of Lithographers, was this day dissolved by mutual consent. The business will in future be carried on under the same style by the said Frederick William Kell alone. – Dated this 8th Day of November 1892. Thos. Kell. Fred. W. Kell.”

After Thomas’s death an announcement was published in the Daily News dated October 25th 1904, to say that they were still carrying on the business at 40 King street Covent Garden, under the same name, and “NO CONNECTION whatsoever with any other FIRM bearing a SIMILAR NAME.”

Ellen herself did not marry and lived with her Parents until their death (her Father died in 1902 and her mother died in 1903). After this she moved to Worthing and lived at ‘Brookhurst’ Heene Road, Worthing.

Ellen died on 2nd March 1920 and left £4180 0s 2d (£121460 in 2020) to Lucy Mary Cairnie and Jessie Marion Bindloss (sisters

Researcher: Jackie Rooney

The Grave

No headstone image available

Location in Cemetery

Area: NES Row: 3 Plot: 7

Exact Location (what3words): hedge.cable.gift

Ashes or Urn: Unknown

Headstone

Description:

No description of the headstone has been added.

Inscription:

In memory of Ellen J Kell died March 2nd 1920 "At Rest"

Further Information

Birth

Name: Ellen Jane Kell

Gender: Female

Born: 31/03/1852

Town: Islington

County: London

Country: England

Marriage

Maiden Name: Not applicable

No marriage information is available for this burial record.

Information at Death

Date of Death: 02/03/1920

Cause of death: Unknown

Address line 1: Brookhurst

Address line 2: Heene Road

Town: Worthing

County: Sussex

Country: England

Obituary

No obituary has been entered.

Personal Effects

Money left to others: £4180 0 s 2 d

Current value of effects: £121460

Census Information

1861

1 Stonefield Street, Islington Middlesex

Thomas Kell (Head) age 37, Lucy (Wife) age 36, Lucy M (Daughter) age 10, Ellen J (Daughter) age 9, Frederick W (Son) age 5, Edith H (Daughter) age 1, Jane Kell (Sister) age 39, Annie Watson (Cousin) age 19, plus 1 servant

1881

104 Carlton Road, Islington, Middlesex

Thomas Kell (Head) age 57, Lucy (Wife) age 56, Ellen (Daughter) age 29, Edith (Daughter) age 21, Jessie (Daughter) age 16, plus servant

1891

30 Carlton Road, Islington, Middlesex

Thomas Kell (Head) age 67, Lucy (Wife) age 66, Ellen J (Daughter) age 39, Edith H (Daughter) age 31, plus 4 servants

1901

30 Carlton Road, Islington, Middlesex

Thomas Kell (Head) age 77, Lucy (Wife) age 76, Ellen J (Daughter) age 49, Edith H (Daughter) age 41, Florence L (Niece) age 26, plus 3 servants

1911

‘Brookhurst’ Heene Road, Worthing, Sussex

Ellen Jane Kell (Head) age 59, plus 2 servants

Miscellaneous Information

The principle of lithography

Lithography was invented by Alois Senefelder  in the Bavaria in 1796. In the early days of lithography, a smooth piece of limestone was used (hence the name “lithography”:

To create a lithograph, original works of art are printed and reproduced, most often using flat stones or metal plates. The artist makes the lithograph by drawing an image directly onto the printing element using materials like litho crayons or specialized greasy pencils.

When the artist is satisfied with the drawing on the stone, the surface is then treated with a chemical etch. The treatment bonds the greasy drawing materials to the surface. With this process, the blank areas will attract moisture to the plate and repel the lithographic ink, while the areas that are drawn on will hold the ink. Water is then wiped onto the unpainted areas to help prevent the ink from smearing.

Once the image is inked, paper is laid over the stone and it is covered with a tympan, a layer of packing that is typically placed between the plate and paper to help equalize the pressure. Next, these materials pass through the scraper bar of the litho press. When creating a lithograph, it is crucial that the stone that is used is properly thick enough, as this machine provides enormous pressure.

After the stone passes through the machine, the tympan is removed and the paper is pulled off to reveal a mirror-image of the drawing on the stone. The paper will retain whatever was drawn by the crayon, creating a perfect replica that can be repeated as often as needed.