Portrait of Arthur Caley

Name: Arthur Caley

Burial Number: 1597

Gender: Male

Occupation: Manager of Insurance Company

Born: 00/00/1860

Died: 04/11/1934

Buried: 07/11/1934



Arthur Pelham Caley was born into a well-known Norwich family in 1860; his father was Nathaniel Henry Caley, 37yrs, a silk merchant, his mother was Emily, 31yrs, nee Dunn. He was the 7th of 8 children and was baptised on 6th September 1861 at St. Stephen’s, Norwich.

The Caley family was famous for their chocolate factory, started in the 1850s by Arthur’s uncle, Albert Jarman Caley. (See below for details).

Arthur’s father died in 1867; then, when he was 15 years old, his mother married  John Twinch, a broker, and the family moved to Islington where his half-brother Eustace, was born.

His insurance education began in the office of Mr. Pocock, a successful London insurance broker, where he remained for ten years, and acquired extensive experience.

On 28th September 1886, aged 25yrs, Arthur married Marion Stransom, 25yrs, at St. Andrew’s Church. Fulham. They had 6 children, Arthur H. b.1887, Albert S. b.1889, (died 1918 in France on active service), Pelham Russell b.1891, (died 1917 in Belgium on active service), Hilda b.1893, Phyllis b.1897, and Eric b.1901.

In the October of 1890, when the Norwich Union Life Insurance Society opened its Piccadilly branch, Arthur was selected by the directors to take charge of it, first as Superintendent, and subsequently, in 1892, as West End Manager.

Arthur and his family moved several times after leaving Islington, in 1901 they were living in Streatham, and in 1911 they were in Barnes, Surrey. By 1921 they had moved to Surbiton, Surrey, and after his retirement, at some point, Arthur and Marion settled in Worthing, Sussex, where they lived at Bredon House, Manor Road.

Arthur died, aged 74yrs, on 4th November 1934, probate was granted to Marion Caley, widow, and Eric Stransom Caley, medical practitioner, effects, £7272 6s 8d. Value 2022 – £578,000.

Researcher: Maggi Martin

The Grave

Photograph of headstone for Arthur Caley

Location in Cemetery

Area: EB Row: 3 Plot: 48

Exact Location (what3words): cities.universally.puddles

Ashes or Urn: Unknown



No description of the headstone has been added.


In loving memory of my beloved husband Arthur Pelham Caley 4th son of Nathaniel H Caley of Norwich died November 4th 1934 aged 74 "I know that my redeemer liveth" and of his wife Marion died March 27th 1958 aged 91 years "Abide with me"

Further Information


Name: Arthur Pelham Caley

Gender: Male

Born: 00/00/1860

Town: Norwich

County: Norfolk

Country: England


Maiden Name: Not applicable

Marriage Date: 28/09/1886

Spouse First Name: Marion

Spouse Last Name: Stransom

Town of Marriage: Fulham

County of Marriage: London

Country of Marriage: England

Information at Death

Date of Death: 04/11/1934

Cause of death: Unknown

Address line 1: Bredon House

Address line 3: Manor Road

Town: Worthing

County: Sussex

Country: England


No obituary has been entered.

Personal Effects

Money left to others: £7272 6 s 8 d

Current value of effects: £577998

Census Information


Living at The Chantry, Norwich St. Stephen, Norfolk. Nathaniel H. Caley, Hd. 37yrs, Silk Mercer, wife, Emily, 31yrs, 7 children, Emily 10, Alice 8, Neville 6, William 5, Constance 3, Ernest 2, Arthur P. 5months, plus 5 domestic servants.


Living at 5, Chester Place, Heigham, Norfolk. Emily Caley, Hd. widow, 41yrs, Annuitant, 6 children, Emily, 20yrs, Alice, 18yrs, Ernest, 12yrs, Constance, 13yrs, Arthur, 10yrs, Agnes, 9yrs, plus 1 visitor and 4 domestic servants.


Living at 48, Bickerton Road, Islington, London. John Twinch, Hd. 40yrs, Broker, wife, Emily, 47yrs, stepsons, Ernest, 22yrs, Arthur, 20yrs, both Wards in Chancery, son, Eustace, 5yrs, plus 1 domestic servant.



Living at 130, Calabria Road, Islington, London. Arthur P. Caley, Hd. 29yrs, Branch Manager, Insurance Co., wife, Marion, 29yrs, 2 sons, Arthur, 3yrs, Albert, 2yrs, plus 2 boarders and 2 domestic servants.


Living at 4. Elmbourne Road, Streatham, London. Arthur Caley, Hd. 40yrs, Manager, Insurance Co., wife, Marion, 39yrs, 5 children, Harry (Arthur) 13yrs, Bertie, 12yrs, Russell, 9yrs, Hilda, 8yrs, Phyllis, 4yrs, niece, Ada A. 18yrs, plus 2 domestic servants.


Living at 1, St. Mary’s Grove, Barnes Common, Barnes, Surrey. Arthur Caley, 50yrs, Manager Insurance Co., wife, Marion, 49yrs, Russell, 19yrs, Insurance Clerk, Hilda, 18yrs, Phyllis, 14yrs, Eric, 9yrs, plus 2 domestic servants.


Living at 34, Lovelace Road, Surbiton, Surrey.

Arthur Caley
Male 1860 60 Manager To Insurance Co Norwich Union Life Office
Marion Caley
Female 1861 60 Home Duties
Eric Caley
Male 1901 19 Medical Student
Phyllis Gawley
Female 1896 24 Home Duties
Michael Gawley
Male 1920

Miscellaneous Information

Caley’s Chocolate Factory – Norwich, Norfolk.Picture of Chocolate Bars

It was nearly 175 years ago when a clever chemist decided to make some chocolate. It was a decision he made to give his workers something to do in the winter…a wise move which resulted in Norwich having a world-famous factory which would provide jobs for generations of men and women for 110 years.


Albert Caley moved to the city in the 1850s and opened a chemist’s shop in London Street. He may have been encouraged by his brother Nathaniel, a silk merchant, with a business nearby.

He began making mineral waters in a cellar at the back of his shop and how the people loved his drinks. He had to move to bigger premises in Bedford Street and take on more workers to meet demand, and these weren’t run-of-the-mill thirst-quenchers, they offered a rare and exotic taste. Ginger beer was top of the pops along with lemonade and a range of tonic beverages…which people queued up for.

The trouble was that the booming soft drinks business did well in the summer months but when temperatures dropped so did the sales. What to do? Albert did not want to lay his workers off. So, he started making a much-loved winter warmer – cocoa – and in 1886 that led to a product people could enjoy at any time of the year – chocolate.

Albert died in 1895 having laid the foundations of a great business. His son Edward and nephew Frederick took over at the helm at the company which became known as A J Caley and Son.

During the First World War tens of thousands of Caley’s famous Marching Chocolate bars were delivered to troops on the front line. A rare treat during those dark and bloody days.

The company remained in the hands of the Caley family until the end of the war when the business was sold to the African and Eastern Trade Corporation.